Knowing what concepts your kindergarten child should have mastered by the conclusion of their school year is important. Knowledge of these expectations can help you work with them at home to reinforce these concepts. The concepts students are expected to master by the end of kindergarten are fairly basic and simple to both teach and learn.
Children should know a variety of number concepts before completion of their kindergarten year. They should be able to read, print, compare, order, represent and identify the numbers 1 through 10. They should also be able to count to ten, both forwards and backwards. They should understand basic number representation concepts such as, five pennies equals the number five. They should also have a basic knowledge of adding, like four pennies plus one penny equals five pennies. They should also have coin knowledge from pennies to quarters.
Children should also be able to recognize time concepts. They should be able to name the days of the week and know there proper order. The y should be able to grasp the concept of morning, afternoon and evening, along with being able to identify times of day like bedtime and lunch time.
Children at this age should also be able to identify measurements like shorter and longer. Shapes should be identifiable to them and they should be able to describe their differences. They should be able to identify simple patterns and be identify when a pattern is wrong. They should also be able to make simple patterns and lengthen existing simple patterns. They should be able to create simple surveys of yes and no questions and create simple graphs using pictures. The should also be able to use simple grids, like bingo and tic tac toe. They should also be able to read and write their own name.